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WHAT FATS DO TO YOU

Lipids are manufactured from proteins and carbohydrates through certain remarkable processes inherent in vital bodily tissues and glands such as the liver or the adrenal glands. Energy and vital cellular constituents for the body result from these lipids. When present to excess, their effects become devastating to humans, they get into the artery walls to actually damage or destroy the artery with atherosclerosis.

How fats damage or destroy your arteries? Fats enter the inner layer of the artery. A kind of wart is then formed, called a plaque of lat. As it grows larger it blocks or obstructs it partly or completely Along with the fatty deposits of cholesterol, fatty acids, neutral fats, etc., which make up these atheromatous plaques, calcium and other minerals are also deposited. These make the artery feel hard, giving rise to the term— "hardening of the arteries."

Actually we see a softening of the arteries which takes place first because of these fatty deposits. It is often noticed in many individuals that this free fat will be floating in the blood stream for hours after a meal containing fat has been eaten. The blood is then called lipoid, which means loaded with fats. These fats in the blood are regarded by many scientists to be as dangerous as is cholesterol, in entering the artery wall. A great proportion of these fats in the blood are combined with proteins, called lipoproteins.

One of the greatest factors influential in the current epidemic of heart attacks has unquestionably been the startling increase in fat intake. In the United States alone, the fat content of our diet has just about doubled in recent times. Where fat formerly constituted some 15 to 20 per cent of our meals 50 years ago, it now has jumped to 30 and 40 per cent or more.
Fig. 2. Cross Section of Coronary Artery in Coronary Thrombosis
coronary artery fig.2
Fig. 1. Cross Section, Coronary Artery.

This diagram shows the three coats of the coronary artery and the channel through which the blood flows to nourish the heart muscles.
coronary artery fig.1



 
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